Easton Pennsylvania History
South Easton, separated from the rest of the city by the Lehigh River, was first settled by Indians and sewer workers and later was home to several silk mills. Since 1898 it has been a separate district, but it was part of neighboring Phillipsburg, New Jersey, until its merger with the South Philadelphia district in 1884. South Eastons, the community was founded in the late 18th century as an agricultural community on the eastern edge of Northampton County, south of Philadelphia. Originally it was settled by Indians and sewer workers, later it was the seat of several silk mills and has been separated from a municipality since 1898. Easton Area High School is known for its long-standing sporting rivalry with neighboring Southamptontown, known as "The 28," as well as the rivalry between the two high schools.
The main Lehigh Valley Railroad line is now the only major rail line that passes through Easton. The North Penn, which ran from South Bethlehem to Philadelphia south through Montgomery County, merged with Southlehem in 1857 and is now known as the Lehigh Line, but was bought by Norfolk Southern Railway in 1999 and is now part of Pennsylvania Railroad.
NJ Transit's Raritan Valley Line ends in Easton and ends at the intersection of the Lehigh Valley Railroad Line and the North Penn Line. The North Pennsylvania Railroad's South Bethlehem Line, the main line from Southampton to Philadelphia, ended in South Philadelphia in the late 1950s and early 1960s and is now terminated on the South Penn Line at its Northampton Street terminus.
Today, the main Lehigh Valley Railroad line is the only major rail line that passes through Easton, and it is now known as the Lehigh Line. Norfolk Southern Railway bought the high-speed line in 1999 and the North Penn Line in 2006. Head-to-head between the South Bethlehem Line and the Northampton Street terminus at the intersection of the Raritan Valley Line, Easten, PA.
Norfolk Southern Railway owns the North Penn Line and the South Bethlehem Line, both of which run through Easton, and it owns the Raritan Valley Line from Easten, PA, to the Eastampton Street terminus at the intersection of Northampton and Southampton streets. Norfolk Northern Railway owned the high-speed line, the Lehigh Valley Railroad, a branch of the Atlantic Coast Railway that runs through West Chester County, Pennsylvania, from New Brunswick, New Jersey, to New York.
Officially known as the Delaware Division of the Pennsylvania Canal, the canal was used to transport boats loaded with anthracite coal from Easton, Pennsylvania, to Philadelphia. When completed in 1832, it connected the Lehigh navigation system with Easten and contributed to the development of the anthracite coal industry in the upper Le High Valley, connecting the ports of Philadelphia, New Brunswick and Newark with New York and New Jersey.
Bethlehem, Nazareth, Easton and Northampton County entered a period of prosperity with the advance of steel production. With the opening of the Pennsylvania Canal in 1832 and the construction of a new railway line to New York and New Jersey, the coal industry in Lehigh County continued to flourish and Easten flourished.
Easton is also one of three historic cities that have benefited from a public reading of the Declaration of Independence.
One of the historical highlights attributed to the city is the Treaty of Easton, signed during the Franco-Indo-French War. During the American Revolution, the Delaware allied with the Iroquois against the British and carried out spontaneous raids on the Pennsylvania border settlements when General John Sullivan marched with an expeditionary force. The troops took down the flag, but returned with it at the end of the war, and the war was over. Native American tribes in Ohio country, including the Shawnee and Lenape, who signed the Treaty of easton in 1776, one of several treaties between the USA and the State of New York in response to a series of attacks on their territory.
The new town was called Easton, in the new county of Northampton, and consisted of the town of Eastonsville, the town of Westmoreland, a small village with about 1,000 inhabitants. The "Greater East on" area consists of a number of small towns and villages, such as New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, West Virginia and Delaware County, as well as a number of small villages and communities in the western and eastern counties of Pennsylvania. The Great On, or Easton Area, covers an area of about 4,200 square kilometers. The large "On" or EastOn area consists of several small towns and villages, similar to those in North Carolina's eastern and western states.
Along with Allentown and Bethlehem, the "Valley" includes the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton metropolitan area, which includes the cities of Eastonsville, Westmoreland, Northampton, Lehigh Valley, and the city of Bethlehem. Along with all of Allentown, Bethlehem, and East on, this valley includes the counties of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, West Virginia, and Delaware County, as well as a number of small towns and villages in the western and eastern counties of Pennsylvania. Together, it covers an area of approximately 4,200 square kilometers, including the All-in-the-Valley area in the eastern and western states of North Carolina, such as North and South Carolina, and the western counties of West Virginia. Together with Allentown and Bethlehem, the Easton metropolitan area covers more than 1,500 square miles, or about 3,000 square kilometers.